Blue hydrogen requires methane, production is energy-intensive and requires carbon capture and storage (CCS).
Commercial CCS projects have never achieved the industry target rate over time, despite years of efforts.
Cleaner competition has big head start, and blue hydrogen must play catch-up to other technologies, especially batteries. Therefore blue hydrogen markets are likely to shrink due to green competition.
An analysis of new federal hydrogen program incentives challenges the track record, current rationale and market future for "blue" hydrogen produced from natural gas.