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IEEFA update: Poland’s PGE utility delays energy transition

September 25, 2019
Gerard Wynn

September 26, 2019 (IEEFA Europe) ‒ Poland’s biggest electric utility, PGE, one of the world’s most coal-intensive energy companies, is delaying a transition to renewables even as the financial performance of its coal, gas and lignite deteriorates.

Majority state-owned PGE describes itself as a company in transition, but at present it is doubling down on coal and lignite, while it delays a renewables expansion until 2025-2030 and beyond.

That should be of concern, given year-on-year falls in the financial performance of the company’s conventional business, which comprises fossil-fuel power plants and combined heat and power plants.

In the past four years (2015-2018 inclusive), PGE has allocated more than three-quarters of a record PLN 37 billion (€8.5 billion) capital expenditures and acquisition investments to its conventional business, and 3% to renewables.

In the same period, earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) have fallen every year at the conventional business, while the EBITDA of the renewables business, starved of cash, has risen.

PGE is coming around to the idea of large-scale renewables. But other utilities are going much faster, and have seen far more attractive capital returns as a result.

PGE said today, as it announced its first-half 2019 results, that next year it will add 97MW of new onshore wind, while over the next two years adding some 2,290MW of new coal and lignite.

Through the end of 2024, PGE’s share of renewables will remain frozen, as the company brings on-line new gas faster than it retires ageing coal units.

PGE’s big targets for renewables start beginning in 2025, making them too far away to be a certainty. For example, it is targeting some 1,300 megawatts of solar by 2025, compared with only 1MW installed today.

At a time of rising carbon prices, tightening air quality standards, and mandated coal phaseouts in Europe, PGE must move faster if it is to have any possibility of safeguarding its profitability.

Chart. Net impact of PGE’s announced targets and expected power plant additions and retirements through 2030, by energy source (MW)

Chart. Net impact of PGE’s announced targets and expected power plant additions and retirements through 2030, by energy source (MW)

Source: PGE annual reports 

Gerard Wynn ([email protected]) is an IEEFA energy finance consultant based in London.


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Gerard Wynn

Former IEEFA Energy Finance Consultant Gerard Wynn is a U.K.-based 10-year veteran of energy and economics reporting at the Thomson Reuters News Agency and has authored numerous papers on energy issues ranging from solar power in Great Britain to coal-burning in China and India. He blogs at

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