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IEEFA update: Bankruptcies multiply for fracking sector

January 28, 2020

January 28, 2020 (IEEFA U.S.) ‒ Bankruptcies among fracking-focused companies exploded in 2019 and the outlook for the sector is decidedly grim, according to a briefing note released Tuesday by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA).

The 42 bankruptcy filings among Exploration & Production (E&P) companies in 2019 involved nearly $26 billion in debt – double the $13 billion in bankruptcy-related debt filed in 2018.

Fracking Q3 Cash FlowThe briefing note, Bankruptcies in Fracking Sector Mount in 2019, attributes the sector’s struggles to over-production, stagnant oil and gas prices, and ballooning debt.

“We’ve been watching these companies flounder under mounting debt and negative cash flows for many years,” said Kathy Hipple, an IEEFA financial analyst and author of the brief. “It’s getting harder and harder for these companies to find investors to keep them afloat and avoid imploding.”

Key Findings:

  • 42 U.S. E&Ps filed for bankruptcy in 2019.
  • Their aggregate debt was $26 billion – double the amount from 2018.
  • Appalachian frackers have been hit especially hard as natural gas prices were cut by one-third.
  • Bankruptcy-related debt among oilfield services companies that rely on revenue from frackers, also doubled in 2019 compared to 2018.

After years of rising debt and negative cash flows, the fracking sector has experienced an ongoing wave of bankruptcies over the past five years. Natural gas prices are expected to hit low levels not seen since the 1970s and oil prices throughout the year averaged $57 per barrel compared to $65 the year before.

Credit ratings agency Moody’s concludes that the oil and gas industry “never fully recovered” from the 2015-2016 oil price slump.

“We are seeing slowdowns and negative cash flows spill over into the oil services sector that relies on the E&P companies for their business,” said Hipple. “And heavy hitters such as Schlumberger and Halliburton recorded significant losses in 2019.”

More bankruptcies are all but certain, as oil and gas borrowers must repay or refinance more than $100 billion dollars in debt over the next few years, the briefing note concludes.

“Under present conditions, it’s difficult to see any light at the end of the tunnel for oil and gas producers,” said Hipple.

Kathy Hipple ([email protected]) is an IEEFA financial analyst.

Briefing note: Bankruptcies in Fracking Sector Mount in 2019

Media contact

Vivienne Heston ([email protected]), +1 (914) 439-8921


The Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA) conducts global research and analyses on financial and economic issues related to energy and the environment. The institute’s mission is to accelerate the transition to a diverse, sustainable and profitable energy economy.

Kathy Hipple

Former IEEFA Financial Analyst Kathy Hipple is a founding partner of Noosphere Marketing and the finance professor at Bard’s MBA for Sustainability. She worked for 10 years with international institutional clients at Merrill Lynch and then served as CEO of Ambassador Media.

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