The Dutch Government has set a target of 70 GW of offshore wind energy until 2050, based on the assumption that 50 GW could be installed by 2040. In addition to electricity generation, the Government also plans for some of the country’s offshore wind capacity to be used for large-scale green hydrogen production in the North Sea.
The Dutch Government is currently working towards having 21 GW of offshore wind up and running by the end of this decade, which is about 75 per cent of electricity consumption.
In order to make the industry and society in the country more sustainable, offshore wind energy must continue to grow significantly after 2030, which is why plans are being made for the maximum that is thought to be needed, the Government said.
From 2030, offshore wind farms will mainly be located in areas farther offshore in the North Sea, hundreds of kilometres from the coast. The Government said it wanted to realise large-scale energy hubs at sea in these remote areas and, as a result, not all future wind farms will need to be connected separately to the onshore electricity grid.
With energy hubs built far offshore, several wind farms can be linked together and the energy they produce can then be transported to land partly as electricity and partly as hydrogen, with the latter planned to enable a large part of the industry to switch from gas to green hydrogen.