Workforce demand in offshore wind will rise dramatically over the next decade, with the number of jobs in this sector reaching around 589,000 in 2025, while 2030 could see 868,000 full-time offshore wind jobs. Currently, it is estimated that around 297,000 people are working in the sector.
This is according to an analysis from Rystad Energy, which shows that, with the installed offshore wind capacity estimated to increase to 110 GW by 2025 and 250 GW by 2030, the sector will create hundreds of thousands of new direct and indirect full-time jobs.
Jobs in construction and development (C&D) are expected to account for most of the employment over the next decade, although its share of the total employment decreases as we approach 2030. Operations and maintenance (O&M) jobs, which accounted for about 7 per cent of the total job count in 2020, will make up about 12 per cent in 2025.
“With a rapid increase in offshore wind installed capacity, O&M will gain a larger share of the total jobs. C&D roles will still dominate, however, because a typical offshore wind farm spends 60-70% of its capex in the lead-up to its commissioning, which takes between one and three years”, Rystad Energy says.
Companies such as Siemens Gamesa, Vestas, Goldwind and GE Renewable Energy are expected to create most of the jobs in offshore wind as employment in turbine manufacturing accounts for 54 per cent of the total 2030 potential, with producing bigger turbines will require building more factories and employing additional workforce in the coming years.
Geographically, Europe, Asia outside of China, and the Americas are estimated to drive the global jobs creation in the offshore wind sector over the next decade.