U.S. News & World Report:
Multiple news outlets have reported that the federal budget President Donald Trump plans to submit to Congress Thursday will gut or even eliminate two principal Department of Energy research efforts fueling a renewable energy revolution in the United States. That would be an enormous mistake.
Whatever else the Republican Party and the Trump White House thinks about the problem of Earth’s changing climate system, the clean energy sector is now creating new jobs faster than almost any other sector in the American economy. That’s an inescapable fact – one that is supported by GOP and Democratic voters alike.
ARPA-E (the Energy Department research arm) and EERE (the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy office at DOE) are two signature scientific research programs that have been the tip of the spear for innovation in a brand new jobs sector. The reason why these two DOE offices are expected to be targets in the federal budget is they have been the primary scientific research arms at the federal level behind innovative renewable energy research. Senior aides have signaled for weeks that they intend to take broad aim at climate and clean energy programs in federal agencies that were prominent during the Obama administration, which these were.
Why should you care about a bunch of alphabet soup acronyms in D.C? Here’s why:
ARPA-E and EERE have been at the center of this race to revolutionize an industry sector that is creating millions of jobs in every state. Multiple sources at the trade associations and federal agencies that track economic statistics for this sector confirm this.
Jobs at wind farms, wind-manufacturing facilities or both are located in 70 percent of U.S. congressional districts. The 10 congressional districts in the U.S. that produce the most wind energy are in Texas, Oklahoma, Iowa, Colorado, Kansas, North Dakota, Oregon, and California — all represented by Republicans.
This new energy sector in America — including energy efficiency, natural gas, solar, wind, hydro, nuclear, energy storage, electric vehicles, biofuels and smart grid businesses — now collectively generates $200 billion in annual revenues (almost the same as consumer electronics) and employs 2.7 million Americans.
The U.S. wind and solar industries employ more than 300,000 people. The wind energy sector employs nearly 90,000 Americans, 20 percent more than in 2015. Jobs in the solar sector have increased 123 percent since 2010. One of every 83 new jobs in 2015 was in the solar sector. On the flip side, low oil prices resulted in the loss of nearly 100,000 jobs in the oil industry.
There are 75,000 megawatts of wind power installed in the U.S. today, contributing 5.4 percent of the capacity of the power grid. This is expected to double to 10 percent by 2020, and to 20 percent by 2030 — creating 300,000 additional jobs. In high-tech computing, this sort of exponential growth is what led to “Moore’s Law” – the notion that computing speed doubles at regular intervals.
Right now, America’s solar industry employs nearly 209,000 workers, compared to about 150,000 jobs remaining in the domestic coal industry. A study published in the journal Energy Economics found that the growth of solar-related employment could absorb coal-industry layoffs and provide full-time careers for coal workers during the next 15 years. After retraining, the study concluded, salaries for technical workers in the solar industry would surpass the money they made working in coal.
Slightly more than 14,000 megawatts of new solar, a record, were installed across the U.S. in 2016. Last year, new investment in U.S. wind farms was $14.7 billion. A total of $33 billion worth of U.S. wind farms are being developed. Added to this are regular capital investments at more than 500 wind supply chain factories, and in the maintenance of the 49,000 existing utility scale turbines in the U.S.
Clean energy is also spurring investment in other related new technologies and industries. For example, 2015 revenues for energy storage grew 12 times, from $58 million in 2014 to $734 million the following year.
This economic renaissance isn’t happening just in big cities. Many rural communities are surviving because of the growth of renewable income and jobs. Traditional sources of farm income are in decline – down 17 percent in 2015, the third consecutive year that farm income has fallen. This is a major reason for declining land values across the heartland.
The overwhelming majority of U.S. wind farms today operate in rural areas and they pay $222 million annually to rural landowners. By 2030, rural landowners expect to receive $900 million a year for land leases for turbines. Utility scale solar is starting to have a large rural benefit too. North Carolina, for example, is now third in the nation in installed solar capacity and most of these solar farms are on rural lands.
Renewable energy has also become a competitive advantage for U.S. businesses. Hundreds of companies (including more than 150 from the United States) have made significant commitments to purchase renewable energy, with dozens of them pledging to obtain 100 percent of their energy from renewables.
Here’s what these American companies know. Those making the most ambitious commitments to renewable energy have seen a 27 percent return on investment.